By Sara Sjolin, MarketWatch , Anneken Tappe
Euro-sterling levels approach record high
The dollar finished the week in the red on the back of weak July inflation figures, as well as new comments earlier Friday from President Trump warning North Korea against threatening the U.S. or its allies.
The President continued that America's military forces were "locked and loaded" in case of an armed conflict.
The consumer-price index climbed 1.7% on the year versus expectations of 1.8% and the June figure of 1.6%. Core inflation excluding food and energy came in at 1.7%, in line with estimates and June numbers.
The ICE Dollar Index , which measures the greenback against a basket of six rival currencies, dipped into negative territory following the data release, but picked up some steam, sliding to 93.0840, down from 93.460 earlier on Friday. On the week, the index shed 0.4%.
Low inflation numbers have kept investors as well as the Federal Reserve on their toes, as disappointing numbers weighed on the possibility that the Fed could raise interest rates again or more aggressively.
The bearish reading today "could be another major blow to the dollar's outlook," according to Konstantinos Anthis, researcher at ADS Securities, before the inflation release. "Unfortunately for dollar bulls today's inflation report is more of a risk event for the buck rather than an opportunity to pick up pace."
"A softer reading would mean fresh trouble as it would remind investors that inflation remains well below Fed's target and suggest that a December rate hike might not be that likely after all," he said.
"The dollar had picked up over the past days amidst the scramble for safety," Neil Mellor, chief currency strategist at BNY Mellon said, adding that the winning streak was brought to an end by the disappointing CPI numbers earlier that gave way to a stronger euro.
The euro spiked on the back of the release, buying $1.1821, up from $1.1774 late Thursday in New York, while the pound briefly jumped to $1.3009, compared with $1.2978 on Thursday. Both currency pairs retreated from their initial highs earlier on Friday. On the week, the euro gained 0.4% against the buck, while sterling dipped 0.3%.
The euro also continued to strengthen against the Brexit-ridden pound, with one euro buying GBP0.9088, compared with GBP0.907 late on Thursday. Brexit refers to Britain's exit from the Europe Union. This week, the euro gained 9.5% versus the pound.
"Sterling is under an enormous amount of pressure," Mellor said. "We've seen very few [euro-pound] closes at this level."
The pair was last in GBP0.9 territory in November 2016. The OECD outlook said the U.K. was en route for slowing growth earlier this week as uncertainties about the post-Brexit economy remain.
Aside from U.S. data, the tensions between U.S. and North Korea remained a key focal point. President Donald Trump raised the stakes on Thursday, saying his earlier threat to unleash "fire and fury" on North Korea "maybe wasn't tough enough."
Additionally, China weighed in on the standoff, warning in an editorial in state-run Global Times (http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1060791.shtml) that Beijing will intervene if the U.S. strikes first against North Korea.
That helped to push up currencies perceived as safer assets, like the Japanese yen and Swiss franc. The dollar fetched Yen109.18, slightly up from Yen109.20 on Thursday, while the Swiss franc bought $1.0393, up from $1.0389. The dollar-yen pair lost 1.4% this week, and the franc added 1.1% over the same period.
Other Asian currencies, however, stumbled on fears of a conflict in the region. Against the South Korean won , the dollar dipped to 1,142.86 won on the inflation numbers, after initially rising to 1,146.41 won earlier on Friday versus 1,144.16 won on Thursday. The dollar rose 1.3% against the won, over the week.