1694: The Bank of England was founded with government backing. 1866: The Great Eastern arrived at Heart's Content in Newfoundland, having successfully laid the transatlantic telegraph cable. 1890: Artist Vincent Van Gogh went to the spot where he had painted Cornfield With Flight Of Birds and shot himself. He died two days later, aged 37. 1921: The first insulin was isolated by Canadians Sir Frederick Banting and his assistant Charles Best, providing an effective treatment for diabetes. 1949: The de Havilland Comet, the world's first jet airliner, made its maiden flight. 1964: Sir Winston Churchill made his last appearance in the House of Commons.
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