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Summer camp packing: a lesson in chemistry

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06/23/2017 | 02:59pm CEST

[Attachment] I'm no chemist, but I'm going to estimate that about 80 percent of the items on the packing list for Boy Scout camp are made of natural gas byproducts. All of the items in this photo were once simply hydrogen and carbon atoms locked under the earth's surface.

Most people don't know it, but so many of the products we use every day come from the natural gas stream. Most think of natural gas as a fuel source for heating homes, warming water and cooking food. But the methane you use in your house (CH - that's one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms) is just one part of the natural gas stream - typically 70 to 90 percent.

When natural gas is considered 'dry,' it's mostly pure methane, which goes to your house if you have gas service.

[Attachment]

When other hydrocarbons are present, natural gas is considered 'rich' or 'wet' and typically contains liquids like ethane (CH), propane (CH) and butane (CH). These liquids represent up to 20 percent of natural gas's composition and are usually sold separately or used in the manufacture of plastics. There's also carbon dioxide, oxygen, nitrogen and other gases that get removed in the process.

With some heat and pressure (okay, I'm sure there's more to it than just heat and pressure), ethane can become ethylene (CH) and propane can become propylene (CH). Now we're getting to the items in my son's foot locker for camp! And by the way, I'm guessing the toothbrush was never used.

To continue the chemistry lesson, maybe you've heard of polyethylene - the most common plastic? How about polypropylene? Think fleece jackets.

So now you can see how it's all connected. For more information on the chemistry of plastics, visit the American Chemistry Council.

Summer camp just wouldn't be the same without natural gas and a little chemistry!

Sara Delgado, a communications specialist and 20-year Williams employee, wrote this post. This is part of an occasional series called #Natgas Mom.

The Williams Companies Inc. published this content on 23 June 2017 and is solely responsible for the information contained herein.
Distributed by Public, unedited and unaltered, on 23 June 2017 12:59:05 UTC.

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Financials ($)
Sales 2017 8 318 M
EBIT 2017 2 343 M
Net income 2017 773 M
Debt 2017 20 921 M
Yield 2017 4,20%
P/E ratio 2017 27,81
P/E ratio 2018 25,87
EV / Sales 2017 5,37x
EV / Sales 2018 5,25x
Capitalization 23 755 M
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Mean consensus OUTPERFORM
Number of Analysts 20
Average target price 33,4 $
Spread / Average Target 16%
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Alan S. Armstrong President, Chief Executive Officer & Director
Stephen W. Bergstrom Chairman
Michael G. Dunn Chief Operating Officer & Executive Vice President
Donald R. Chappel Chief Financial Officer & Senior Vice President
Janice D. Stoney Independent Director
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