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EE - Eesti Statistika : Foreign trade, February 2013

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04/09/2013 | 07:43am CEST

In February 2013, exports from Estonia amounted to 1 billion euros and imports to Estonia totalled 1.1 billion euros at current prices. Trade deficit was registered as 105 million euros, which is the same level as in February 2012 when the deficit was 110 million euros.

In February, machinery and equipment held the biggest share in Estonia's exports (30% of Estonia's total exports), followed by mineral fuels (13%) and agricultural products and food preparations (10%). The decrease in Estonia's total exports was influenced by the 37% decrease in the dispatches of mineral fuels (incl. petrol, shale oils and electricity). There was also a decrease in the dispatches of metals and products thereof. At the same time, there was an increase in the dispatches of agricultural products and food preparations (up by 27% and 18%, respectively). Exports of those goods grew mainly due to an increase in the dispatches of goods of Estonian origin.

In February, the biggest share of Estonia's imports was held by machinery and equipment (27% of Estonia's total imports), followed by mineral fuels (14%) and agricultural products and food preparations (10%). The decline in Estonia's total imports was mostly influenced by the decrease in the arrivals of mineral fuels (down by 34%). At the same time, arrivals of machinery and equipment and agricultural products and food preparations increased (up by 15% and 17%, respectively).

The top destination countries of Estonia's exports were Sweden (18% of Estonia's total exports), followed by Finland (15%) and Russia (11%). The decrease in Estonia's total exports compared to February 2012 was significantly influenced by the decrease in dispatches to the USA (down by 60%). At the same time, exports to Latvia and Lithuania increased (by 22% and 34%, respectively). Electrical equipment, wood and products thereof and furniture were the main commodities exported to Sweden and Finland; machinery and equipment and plastics and articles thereof were the main items exported to Russia.

The main countries of consignment were Finland (14% of Estonia's total imports), followed by Latvia and Germany (both 11%). The decrease in imports was mostly influenced by the decrease in arrivals from Lithuania and Germany (down by 15% and 10%, respectively). At the same time, there was an increase in the arrivals of goods from the Netherlands (up by 34%). Fuels and electrical equipment were the main commodities imported from Finland and Latvia, while electrical and mechanical equipment was the main commodity imported from Germany.

Estonia's trade decreased also on a monthly basis. Compared to January, exports decreased by 15% and imports by 7% in February. The decrease in trade in February was influenced both by the different number of working days as well as by the non-recurrent big-volume trade transactions with transport equipment in January.

Export prices fell by 1% in January-February. Import prices remained on the same level as in the same period in 2012.

Estonia's trade, January-February, 2012 and 2013
Month Exports, million euros Imports, million euros Balance, million euros
2012 2013 change, % 2012 2013 change, % 2012 2013
January 947.7 1 127.6 19 981.6 1 145.0 17 -33.9 -17.4
February 980.8 956.4 -2 1 090.4 1 060.9 -3 -109.6 -104.5
Main foreign trade partners of Estonia, February 2013
Country of destination,
group of countries
Exports,
million euros
Share,
%
Change
compared
to same
month of
previous
year, %
Country of
consignment,
group of
countries
Imports,
million
euros
Share,
%
Change
compared
to same
month of
previous
year, %
TOTAL 956.4 100 -2 TOTAL 1 060.9 100 -3
EU 27 674.2 70 8 EU 27 860.8 81 -2
EA 283.4 30 7 EA 400.0 38 -2
CIS 125.9 13 7 CIS 95.9 9 -14
1. Sweden 171.8 18 3 1. Finland 150.2 14 -4
2. Finland 139.0 15 0 2. Latvia 118.5 11 8
3. Russia 104.0 11 9 3. Germany 113.2 11 -10
4. Latvia 87.9 9 22 4. Sweden 103.5 10 3
5. Lithuania 61.4 6 34 5. Lithuania 88.3 8 -15
6. Germany 44.6 5 -7 6. Russia 70.9 7 3
7. Norway 34.3 4 28 7. Poland 69.1 7 -12
8. USA 32.1 3 -60 8. Netherlands 41.9 4 34
9. Netherlands 28.7 3 60 9. China 39.3 4 2
10. Denmark 26.4 3 26 10. United Kingdom 33.5 3 -4
Exports and imports by commodity sections, February 2013
Commodity section by
Combined Nomenclature (CN)
Exports Imports Balance,
million euros
million
euros
share, % change
compared to
same month of
previous year, %
million
euros
share, % change
compared to
same month of
previous year, %
TOTAL 956.4 100 -2 1 060.9 100 -3 -104.5
Agricultural products and food preparations (I-IV) 91.0 10 27 107.0 10 17 -16.0
Mineral products (V) 120.4 13 -37 146.0 14 -34 -25.6
Raw materials and products of chemical industry (VI) 49.0 5 23 89.7 8 13 -40.7
Articles of plastics and rubber (VII) 31.5 3 17 53.7 5 9 -22.2
Wood and products thereof (IX) 83.6 9 18 31.4 3 26 52.2
Paper and articles thereof (X) 23.2 2 -9 19.9 2 6 3.3
Textiles and products thereof (XI) 32.4 3 3 48.4 5 3 -16.0
Metals and products thereof (XV) 60.6 6 -19 81.7 8 -13 -21.1
Machinery and equipment (XVI) 290.4 30 4 290.5 27 15 -0.1
Transport equipment (XVII) 43.9 5 -7 96.0 9 -1 -52.1
Miscellaneous manufactured articles (XX) 65.6 7 7 22.3 2 9 43.3
Other 64.8 7 6 74.1 7 -20 -9.3
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