-- Malaysia's third-quarter GDP rises 5.2% on year, beating market forecast
-- Central bank governor says domestic demand to support growth
-- Central bank governor expects full-year economic growth to be at top end of or exceed 4%-5% forecast
-- Central bank unlikely to adjust policy rate
(Recasts the first paragraph, adds context in the second paragraph, central bank governor's comments in the fourth and ninth paragraphs, analyst's comment in the last paragraph.)
By Abhrajit Gangopadhyay
KUALA LUMPUR--Malaysia's economy grew faster than expected in the third quarter from a year earlier, buoyed by robust domestic demand stemming from populist spending ahead of general elections, although weakness in sequential growth weighed.
The data came hours after neighboring Singapore said its economy shrank more than estimated over the same period, suggesting Southeast Asian economies with large domestic markets are more resilient than their counterparts with smaller populations at a time when demand from the U.S., Europe and China is falling in tandem with slowing growth and rising debt.
Data from Bank Negara Malaysia Friday showed economic growth in Southeast Asia's third-largest economy grew 5.2% in the three months ended Sept. 30, above the 4.8% median forecast of 19 economists polled earlier by Dow Jones Newswires. However, it expanded at a slower pace than the upwardly revised 5.6% growth for the second quarter.
"Domestic demand is expected to continue to be the anchor of growth, supported by the expansion in private consumption and investment," Central Bank Gov. Zeti Akhtar Aziz said at a news conference after the data release.
Still, a wobbly global economy will weigh on overall growth prospects in the months to come as exports will remain under pressure, she added.
Trade-dependent Singapore said full-year economic growth could come in at 1.5%, the low end of its estimate. Indonesia's economy, Southeast Asia's largest, grew 6.17% in the third quarter, the slowest pace since the first three months of 2010.
Malaysia, on the other hand, is banking on populist spending ahead of general elections that must be held early next year to support domestic demand. Higher wages and bonuses for civil servants as well as cash handouts to thousands of low-income earners have helped spur consumption. Heavy spending to develop the country's infrastructure under its Economic Transformation Program also helped boost public investment.
Ms. Zeti said she expects full-year economic growth to be at the top end, or even higher than the 4%-5% range forecast by the central bank.
"At the prevailing level of the overnight policy rate, monetary conditions remain supportive of economic activity," Ms. Zeti said, suggesting there is no need for the central bank to ease monetary policy to further stimulate growth.
The central bank, which reviews rates six times a year, has held the policy rate at 3% for nine consecutive rate reviews.
Benign inflation also aids the central bank's current stance.
The consumer price index--Malaysia's primary gauge of inflation--rose 1.3% in September, easing from 1.4% in August.
Economists widely expect the central bank to hold the policy rate steady well into 2013 unless the global economic situation worsens sharply.
"(There) is no urgency to cut (policy interest rate) because of external threat," said RHB Research's chief economist, Peck Boon Soon, adding that Malaysia's 2012 growth will likely continue to hover around 5% even as he expects further deceleration in the final quarter. Malaysia's economy grew 5.1% in 2011.
Write to Abhrajit Gangopadhyay at [email protected]