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4-Traders Homepage  >  Equities  >  Nasdaq  >  Air T, Inc.    AIRT

AIR T, INC. (AIRT)
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AIR T : Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. (form 10-K)

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10/13/2017 | 11:16pm CEST

Overview

Air T, Inc. (the "Company," "Air T," "we" or "us") is a decentralized holding company with ownership interests in a broad set of operating and financial assets that are designed to expand, strengthen and diversify our cash earnings power. Our goal is to build on Air T's core businesses, to expand into adjacent industries, and when appropriate, to acquire companies that we believe fit into the Air T family.

We currently operate wholly owned subsidiaries in three legacy industry segments:


  • overnight air cargo, comprised of our Mountain Air Cargo, Inc. ("MAC") and CSA
    Air, Inc. ("CSA") subsidiaries, which operates in the air express delivery
    services industry;




  • ground equipment sales, comprised of our Global Ground Support, LLC ("GGS")
    subsidiary, which manufactures and provides mobile deicers and other
    specialized equipment products to passenger and cargo airlines, airports, the
    military and industrial customers; and




  • ground support services, comprised of our Global Aviation Services, LLC
    ("GAS") subsidiary, which provides ground support equipment maintenance and
    facilities maintenance services to domestic airlines and aviation service
    providers.



In the past two years, we have organized or acquired businesses operating in three other segments. In October 2015, we formed a wholly owned equipment leasing subsidiary, Air T Global Leasing, LLC ("ATGL"), which comprises our leasing segment. In November 2015 we acquired debt and equity interests in Delphax Technologies, Inc. ("Delphax"), a printing equipment manufacturer and maintenance provider, which comprises our printing equipment and maintenance segment. In July 2016, our majority owned subsidiary, Contrail Aviation Support, LLC ("Contrail Aviation"), acquired the principal assets of a business based in Verona, Wisconsin engaged in acquiring surplus commercial jet engines and components and supplying surplus and aftermarket commercial jet engine components. In October 2016, we acquired 100% of the outstanding equity interests of Jet Yard, LLC ("Jet Yard") to provide commercial aircraft storage, maintenance and aircraft disassembly/part-out services at facilities leased at the Pinal Air Park in Marana, Arizona. In May 2017, our newly formed subsidiaries, AirCo, LLC and AirCo Services, LLC (collectively, "AirCo"), acquired the inventory and principal assets of a business based in Wichita, Kansas that distributes and sells airplane and aviation parts. Contrail Aviation, Jet Yard and AirCo comprise the commercial jet engines and parts segment of the Company's operations. This segment, formerly referred to as the commercial jet engines segment, was renamed to reflect its broader product and service offerings.



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Each business segment has separate management teams and infrastructures that offer different products and services. We evaluate the performance of our business segments based on operating income.

Following is a table detailing revenues (after elimination of intercompany transactions) by segment and by major customer category:




(Dollars in thousands)
                                                Year Ended March 31,
                                            2017                    2016

Overnight Air Cargo Segment:
FedEx                                $  69,558        47 %   $  68,227        46 %

Ground Equipment Sales Segment:
Military                                 2,627         2 %       1,639         1 %
Commercial - Domestic                   24,536        17 %      43,536        29 %
Commercial - International               4,284         3 %       6,000         4 %
                                        31,447        21 %      51,175        35 %

Ground Support Services Segment 30,453 21 % 24,835 17 %

Printing Equipment and Maintenance
Domestic                                 4,863         3 %       2,753         2 %
International                            4,156         3 %       1,202         1 %
                                         9,019         6 %       3,955         3 %

Commercial Jet Engines and Parts
Domestic                                 2,682         2 %           -         0 %
International                            4,774         3 %           -         0 %
                                         7,456         5 %           -         0 %

Leasing                                    539         0 %          20         0 %

                                     $ 148,472       100 %   $ 148,212       100 %



MAC and CSA are two of seven companies in the U.S. that have North American feeder airlines under contract with FedEx. With a relationship with FedEx spanning over 35 years, MAC and CSA operate and maintain Cessna Caravan, ATR-42 and ATR-72 aircraft that fly daily small-package cargo routes throughout the eastern United States, upper Midwest and the Caribbean. MAC and CSA's revenues are derived principally pursuant to "dry-lease" service contracts with FedEx.

On June 1, 2015, MAC and CSA entered into new dry-lease agreements with FedEx which together cover all of the revenue aircraft operated by MAC and CSA and replaced all prior dry-lease service contracts. These dry-lease agreements provide for the lease of specified aircraft by MAC and CSA in return for the payment of monthly rent with respect to each aircraft leased, which monthly rent was increased from the prior dry-lease service contracts to reflect an estimate of a fair market rental rate. These dry-lease agreements provide that FedEx determines the type of aircraft and schedule of routes to be flown by MAC and CSA, with all other operational decisions made by MAC and CSA, respectively. The current dry-lease agreements provide for the reimbursement by FedEx of MAC and CSA's costs, without mark up, incurred in connection with the operation of the leased aircraft for the following: fuel, landing fees, third-party maintenance, parts and certain other direct operating costs. Unlike prior dry-lease contracts, under the current dry-lease agreements, certain operational costs incurred by MAC and CSA in operating the aircraft under the dry-lease agreements are not reimbursed by FedEx at cost, and such operational costs are borne solely by MAC and CSA. Under the dry-lease agreements, MAC and CSA are required to perform maintenance of the leased aircraft in return for a maintenance fee based upon an hourly maintenance labor rate, which has been increased from the rate in place under the prior dry-lease service contracts. Under prior dry-lease service contracts, the hourly maintenance labor rate had not been adjusted since 2008. The dry-lease agreements provide for the payment by FedEx to MAC and CSA of a monthly administrative fee based on the number and type of aircraft leased and routes operated. The amount of the monthly administrative fee under the current dry-lease agreements is greater than under the prior dry-lease service contracts with FedEx, in part to reflect the greater monthly lease payment per aircraft and that certain operational costs are borne by MAC and CSA and not reimbursed. The amount of the administrative fee is subject to adjustment based on the number of aircraft operated, routes flown and whether aircraft are considered to be soft-parked. Since MAC and CSA entered into the current dry-lease agreements in 2015, they have periodically entered into amendments to the agreements with FedEx that have adjusted the administrative fees payable under these agreements. These adjustments, which have generally been made on an annual basis, have resulted in annual period-to-period volatility in MAC and CSA's profitability. MAC and CSA have entered into such an amendment effective as of June 1, 2017 which is expected to positively affect MAC and CSA's profitability compared to results for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017.



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On June 1, 2016, the current dry-lease agreements were amended to extend the expiration date to May 31, 2020. The dry-lease agreements may be terminated by FedEx or MAC and CSA, respectively, at any time upon 90 days' written notice and FedEx may at any time terminate the lease of any particular aircraft thereunder upon 10 days' written notice. In addition, each of the dry-lease agreements provides that FedEx may terminate the agreement upon written notice if 60% or more of MAC or CSA's revenue (excluding revenues arising from reimbursement payments under the dry-lease agreement) is derived from the services performed by it pursuant to the respective dry-lease agreement, FedEx becomes MAC or CSA's only customer, or MAC or CSA employs less than six employees. As of the date of this report, FedEx would have been permitted to terminate each of the dry-lease agreements under this provision. The Company believes that the short-term nature of its agreements with FedEx is standard within the airfreight contract delivery service industry, where performance is measured on a daily basis. FedEx has been a customer of the Company since 1980. Loss of its contracts with FedEx would have a material adverse effect on the Company.

Under the dry-lease service contracts in place during the first two months of the fiscal year ended March 31, 2016 and prior periods, FedEx leased its aircraft to MAC and CSA for a nominal amount and paid a monthly administrative fee to MAC and CSA to operate the aircraft. Under these contracts, all direct costs related to the operation of the aircraft (including fuel, outside maintenance, landing fees and pilot costs) were passed through to FedEx without markup.

Pass-through costs under the dry-lease agreements with FedEx totaled $23,379,000 and $24,632,000 for the years ended March 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.

As of March 31, 2017, MAC and CSA had an aggregate of 80 aircraft under its dry-lease agreements with FedEx. Included within the 80 aircraft are 4 Cessna Caravan aircraft that are considered soft-parked. Soft-parked aircraft remain covered under our agreements with FedEx although at a reduced administrative fee compared to aircraft that are in operation. MAC and CSA continue to perform maintenance on soft-parked aircraft, but they are not crewed and do not operate on scheduled routes.

GGS manufactures, sells and services aircraft deicers and other specialized equipment on a worldwide basis. GGS manufactures five basic models of mobile deicing equipment with capacities ranging from 700 to 2,800 gallons. GGS also offers fixed-pedestal-mounted deicers. Each model can be customized as requested by the customer, including single operator configuration, fire suppressant equipment, open basket or enclosed cab design, a patented forced-air deicing nozzle and on-board glycol blending system to substantially reduce glycol usage, color and style of the exterior finish. GGS also manufactures five models of scissor-lift equipment, for catering, cabin service and maintenance service of aircraft, and has developed a line of decontamination equipment, flight-line tow tractors, glycol recovery vehicles and other special purpose mobile equipment. GGS competes primarily on the basis of the quality, performance and reliability of its products, prompt delivery, customer service and price.



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In July 2009, GGS was awarded a new contract to supply deicing trucks to the USAF, which expired in July 2014. On May 15, 2014, GGS was awarded a new contract to supply deicing trucks to the USAF. The initial contract award is for two years through July 13, 2016 with four additional one-year extension options that may be exercised by the USAF, the first of which was exercised, extending the contract term to July 13, 2017.

In September 2010, GGS was awarded a contract to supply flight-line tow tractors to the USAF. The contract award was for one year commencing September 28, 2010 with four additional one-year extension options exercisable by the USAF. All option periods under the contract have been exercised and the contract expired in September 2015, though it continues to govern orders placed under the contract prior to its expiration. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, GGS revenues included $3,174,000 of flight-line tow tractors sales to the USAF under this contract ($708,000 for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2016). Sales of flight-line tow tractors under this contract have been at very low margins. Because the USAF is not obligated to purchase a set or minimum number of units under these contracts, the value of these contracts, as well as the number of units to be delivered, depends upon the USAF's requirements and available funding.

At March 31, 2017, GGS's backlog of orders was $2.8 million, compared to a backlog of $10.0 million at March 31, 2016.

GAS provides aircraft ground support equipment, fleet, and facility maintenance services. At March 31, 2017, GAS was providing ground support equipment, fleet, and facility maintenance services to more than 114 customers at 84 North American airports. During the quarter ended March 31, 2017, GAS entered into new agreements with its principal customer which replaced certain fixed price agreements covering certain locations that had been unprofitable. GAS anticipates the terms of these new agreements will permit it to operate with improved profitability at those locations. In addition, in December 2016, GAS was awarded a five-year contract to provide a major airline customer with ground support equipment services at 28 locations. In the contract award, which was part of a periodic request-for-bid process, GAS retained 21 of its 22 incumbent locations with the customer covered by the RFP process and added seven new locations.

On October 31, 2016, GAS acquired, effective as of October 1, 2016, substantially all of the assets of D&D GSE Support, Inc. ("D&D") which was in the business of marketing, selling and providing aviation repair, equipment, parts, and maintenance sales services and products at the Fort Lauderdale airport. The total amount paid at closing in connection with this acquisition was $400,000, with an additional $100,000 paid 30 days after closing and an additional $100,000 payable in equal monthly installments of $16,667 commencing on November 1, 2016. Earn-out payments of up to $100,000 may also be payable based on specified performance for the twelve-month period ending September 30, 2017.

On November 24, 2015, the Company purchased (i) at face value a $2,500,000 principal amount Five-Year Senior Subordinated Promissory Note (the "Senior Subordinated Note") issued by Delphax's Canadian operating subsidiary for a combination of cash and the surrender of outstanding principal of $500,000 and accrued and unpaid interest thereunder, and cancellation of, a 90-Day Senior Subordinated Note purchased at face value by the Company from that Delphax subsidiary on October 2, 2015 and (ii) for $1,050,000 in cash a total of 43,000 shares (the "Shares") of Delphax's Series B Preferred Stock (the "Series B Preferred Stock") and a Stock Purchase Warrant (the "Warrant") to acquire an additional 95,600 shares of Series B Preferred Stock at a price of $33.4728 per share (subject to adjustment for specified dilutive events). Each share of Series B Preferred Stock is convertible into 100 shares of common stock of Delphax, subject to anti-dilution adjustments. Based on the number of shares of Delphax common stock outstanding and reserved for issuance under Delphax's employee stock option plans, at March 31, 2016 the number of shares of common stock underlying the Shares represent approximately 38% of the shares of Delphax common stock that would be outstanding assuming conversion of the Shares and approximately 31% of the outstanding shares assuming conversion of the Shares and the issuance of all the shares of Delphax common stock reserved for issuance under Delphax's employee stock option plans. Under the agreement that provided for the Company's purchase of these interests, on November 24, 2015 three designees of the Company (including Nick Swenson, the Company's President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman, and Michael Moore, the President of our GGS subsidiary) were elected to the board of directors of Delphax, which had a total of seven members following their election. Pursuant to the terms of the Series B Preferred Stock, for so long as amounts are owed to Air T under the Senior Subordinated Note or we continue to hold a specified number of the Shares and interests in the Warrant holders of the Series B Preferred Stock, voting as a separate class, the Company would be entitled to elect, after June 1, 2016, four-sevenths of the members of the board of directors of Delphax and, without the written consent or waiver of the Company, Delphax may not enter into specified corporate transactions. As a result of these transactions, we determined that we had obtained control over Delphax in conjunction with the acquisition of the interests described above, and we have consolidated Delphax in Air T's consolidated financial statements beginning on November 24, 2015. The operating loss attributable to Delphax in our consolidated financial statements for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2017 and March 31, 2016 was approximately $5,938,000 and $1,967,000, respectively.



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Delphax designs, manufactures and sells advanced digital print production equipment (including high-speed, high-volume cut-sheet and continuous roll-fed printers), maintenance contracts, spare parts, supplies and consumable items for these systems. The equipment, spare parts, supplies and consumable items are manufactured, and maintenance and services are provided by Delphax Canada and such products and services are sold through Delphax, Delphax Canada and Delphax subsidiaries located in Canada, the United Kingdom and France. A significant portion of Delphax's net sales has historically been related to service and support provided after the sale, including the sale of consumable items for installed printing systems. Delphax's legacy consumables production business was expected to generate cash flow while Delphax rolled-out its next generation élan commercial inkjet printer.

During the quarter ended June 30, 2016, Delphax was informed by its largest customer that the customer had decided to accelerate its plans for removing Delphax legacy printing systems from production and that Delphax should, as a consequence, expect the future volume of legacy product orders from the customer to decline markedly from prior forecasts. Furthermore, the future timeframe over which orders could be expected from this customer was being sharply curtailed. In addition to this specific customer communication, Delphax also experienced a broad-based decline in legacy product customer demand during the first quarter. Sales of Delphax's new élan printer system also had not materialized to expectations.

The adverse business developments during the quarter ended June 30, 2016 and the significantly deteriorated outlook for future orders of legacy and élan product caused the Company to reevaluate the recoverability of Delphax's assets, both tangible and intangible. Based on this reevaluation, which involved material estimation and subjectivity (including with respect to the recovery on assets in an operating liquidation), the Company concluded that a significant increase to inventory reserves was necessary. In addition, the Company concluded that Delphax related intangible assets, both amortizable assets and goodwill, should be fully impaired. The Company also recorded a partial impairment of Delphax related long-lived tangible assets. Furthermore, there was an assessment regarding whether, at June 30, 2016, future severance actions under existing Delphax employee benefit plans were both probable and estimable. This assessment led to the Company establishing an estimated accrual for future severance actions. The effects of these various adjustments, which aggregated to approximately $5,610,000, were reflected in the operating results of Delphax for the quarter ended June 30, 2016. There were no significant additions to inventory and severance reserves from June 30, 2016 to March 31, 2017.

Intangible assets of Delphax had a net book value of approximately $1.4 million as of March 31, 2016. During the quarter ended June 30, 2016, the Company recognized an impairment charge which resulted in the remaining net book value of Delphax intangible assets being fully written off.

The above described adverse business developments drove significant negative operating results and led to severe liquidity constraints for Delphax. In addition to other measures intended to respond to developments, Delphax engaged an outside advisory firm to assist with operations, cost reductions and expense rationalization, and to provide an objective assessment and recommendations regarding Delphax's business outlook and alternative courses of action. During the quarter ended June 30, 2016, a number of Delphax employees were either severed or furloughed. For most of fiscal year 2017, Delphax's operations have been maintained at a significantly curtailed level.



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On January 6, 2017, the Company acquired all rights, and assumed all obligations, of a third-party lender under a senior credit agreement (the "Delphax Senior Credit Agreement") with Delphax and Delphax Canada providing for a $7.0 million revolving senior secured credit facility, subject to a borrowing base of North American accounts receivable and inventory., including obligations, if any, to fund future borrowings under the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement. In connection with this transaction, the Company paid to such third-party senior lender an amount equal to the approximately $1.26 million outstanding borrowing balance, plus accrued and unpaid interest and fees. Also in connection with this transaction, the Company, Delphax and Delphax Canada entered into an amendment to the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement to reduce the maximum amount of borrowings permitted to be outstanding under the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement from $7.0 million to $2.5 million, to revise the borrowing base to include in the borrowing base 100% of purchase orders from customers for products up to $500,000, to provide that the interest rate on all borrowings outstanding until all loans under the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement are repaid in full will be a default rate equal to 2.5% per month to be paid monthly, and to provide for the payment to the Company from Delphax Canada and Delphax of fees equal to $25,000 upon execution of the amendment and of $50,000 upon repayment in full of all loans under the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement. On January 6, 2017, the Company notified Delphax and Delphax Canada of certain "Events of Default" (as defined under the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement) existing under the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement and that the Company was reserving all rights to exercise remedies under the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement and that no delay in exercising any such remedy is to be construed as a waiver of any of its remedies. Also, on January 6, 2017, the Company and Delphax Canada entered into a Forbearance and Amendment Agreement dated as of January 6, 2017, which amended the Senior Subordinated Note to increase the default rate of interest from an annual rate of 10.5% to an annual rate of 18%, to be in effect until all amounts under the Senior Subordinated Note are paid in full, and which provides that so long as no Event of Default (as defined in the Senior Subordinated Note) occurs under the Senior Subordinated Note, other than Events of Default that existed as of January 6, 2017, the Company agreed to forbear from exercising its remedies under the Senior Subordinated Note until May 31, 2017 and further provided for the payment by Delphax Canada to the Company of a forbearance fee equal to approximately $141,000. At March 31, 2017, Delphax Canada was not in compliance with financial covenants under the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement. Notwithstanding the existence of these events of default, the Company permitted additional borrowings under the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement to, among other things, fund a final production run by Delphax Canada of consumable products for its legacy printing systems, which production run was primarily completed over the first six months of calendar 2017. Delphax Canada is Delphax's sole manufacturing subsidiary.

Events of default under the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement persisted. On July 13, 2017, the Company delivered a demand for payment and Notice of Intention to Enforce Security to Delphax Canada. On August 10, 2017, the Company foreclosed on all personal property and rights to undertakings of Delphax Canada. The Company foreclosed as a secured creditor with respect to amounts owed to it by Delphax Canada under the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement. The Company provided notice of its intent to foreclose to Delphax Canada and its secured creditors and shareholder on July 26, 2017. The outstanding amount owed to the Company by Delphax Canada under the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement on July 26, 2017 was approximately $1,510,000. The Company also submitted an application to the Ontario Superior Court of Justice in Bankruptcy and Insolvency (the "Ontario Court") seeking that Delphax Canada be adjudged bankrupt. On August 8, 2017, the Ontario Court issued an order adjudging Delphax Canada to be bankrupt. The recipients of the foreclosure notice did not object to the foreclosure or redeem. As a result, the foreclosure was completed on August 10, 2017, and the Company accepted the personal property and rights to undertakings of Delphax Canada in satisfaction of the amount secured by the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement.

We organized ATGL on October 6, 2015. ATGL provides funding for equipment leasing transactions, which may include transactions for the leasing of equipment manufactured by GGS and Delphax and transactions initiated by third parties unrelated to equipment manufactured by us. On April 4, 2016, ATGL purchased two élan™ 500 printers from Delphax for $650,000 for lease to a third party. One of those acquired printers was subject to an existing lease to a third party which has been assigned to ATGL.

On July 18, 2016, Contrail Aviation, a subsidiary of the Company, completed the purchase of substantially all of the business assets of Contrail Aviation Support, Inc. (the "Contrail Seller"). Prior to the asset sale, the Contrail Seller, based in Verona, Wisconsin, engaged in the business of acquiring surplus commercial jet engines or components and supplying surplus and aftermarket commercial jet engine components. The acquisition consideration paid to the Contrail Seller included equity membership units in Contrail Aviation representing 21% of the total equity membership units in Contrail Aviation. As a result, the Company owns equity membership units in Contrail Aviation representing the remaining 79% of the total equity membership units in Contrail Aviation. In addition, Contrail Aviation has agreed to pay as additional deferred consideration to the Contrail Seller up to a maximum of $1.5 million per year and $3.0 million in the aggregate based on Contrail Aviation's EBITDA (as defined in the purchase agreement) measured during periods over the five years following the acquisition. Contrail Aviation and the Contrail Seller also entered into put and call options permitting, at any time after the fifth anniversary of the asset sale closing date, Contrail Aviation at its election to purchase from Contrail Seller, and permitting Contrail Seller at its election to require Contrail Aviation to purchase from Contrail Seller, all of Contrail Seller's equity membership interests Contrail Aviation at price to be agreed upon, or failing such an agreement to be determined pursuant to third-party appraisals in a specified process. On October 3, 2016, a newly formed subsidiary of the Company, Stratus Aero Partners, LLC (formerly, Global Aviation Partners LLC), acquired 100% of the outstanding equity interests of Jet Yard, LLC ("Jet Yard"). Jet Yard was organized in 2014, entered into the lease in June 2016 and prior our acquisition maintained de minimus operations. The aggregate cash consideration paid in these two acquisition transactions, after closing date adjustments and not including potential deferred payments to the Contrail Seller described above, was approximately $4,048,000.



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In May 2017, AirCo acquired the inventory and principal business assets, and assumed specified liabilities, of Aircraft Instrument and Radio Company, Incorporated, and Aircraft Instrument and Radio Services, Inc. (collectively the "AirCo Sellers"). The acquired business, which is based in Wichita, Kansas, distributes and sells airplane and aviation parts and maintains a license under Part 145 of the regulations of the Federal Aviation Administration. The consideration paid for the acquired business was approximately $2,400,000.

In March 2014, the Company formed Space Age Insurance Company ("SAIC"), a captive insurance company licensed in Utah, and initially capitalized with $250,000. SAIC insures risks of the Company and its subsidiaries that were not previously insured by the Company's insurance programs; and underwrites third-party risk through certain reinsurance arrangements. SAIC is included in the Company's consolidated financial statements.

At March 31, 2017, we held approximately 1.65 million shares of common stock of Insignia Systems, Inc. ("Insignia"), representing approximately 14% of the outstanding shares, which shares were acquired commencing in our fiscal year ended March 31, 2015. Any investment with a fair value of less than its cost basis is assessed for possible "other-than-temporary" impairment regularly and at each reporting date. Other-than-temporary impairments of available-for-sale marketable equity securities are recognized in the consolidated statement of income (loss). On the basis of its June 30, 2016 and March 31, 2017 assessments, the Company concluded that it had suffered an other-than-temporary impairment in its investment in the common stock of Insignia. Consistent with the applicable accounting guidance, the Company's cost basis in the Insignia investment was lowered from $4,711,000 to $3,604,000 at June 30, 2016 and then to $2,643,000 at March 31, 2017 to reflect the impairment charge. On January 6, 2017, Insignia paid a special dividend of $0.70 per share to stockholders owning Insignia shares on that date. The receipt of such special dividend is included in the other investment income (loss) in the Company's consolidated statements of income (loss) for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017. During the fourth quarter of the 2017 fiscal year, we recognized an additional investment loss of approximately $116,000 principally due to an other-than-temporary decline in fair value of other investment securities that had been in a continuous loss position for more than 12 months.


Fiscal 2017 Summary


Revenues for our overnight air cargo segment totaled $69,558,000 for the year ended March 31, 2017, representing a $1,331,000 (2%) increase over the prior year. The segment's administrative fee revenues increased by $2,170,000, reflecting the greater administrative fee amount paid under the dry-lease agreements which became effective on June 1, 2016 for the full fiscal year 2017 compared to ten months for the prior fiscal year. In addition, the segment's maintenance revenues decreased by $1,799,000 (7%) as a result of a decrease in pass-through maintenance revenues. The segment's operating income decreased by $776,000 in fiscal 2017 due to higher operating costs not passed through to the customer, principally increased flight crew costs.

Revenues for GGS, net of intercompany eliminations, totaled approximately $31,447,000 for the year ended March 31, 2017, a decrease of $19,728,000 (39%) from the prior year, while operating income decreased by $4,108,000 (63%). The decrease in GGS revenues and reduction in operating income is attributable principally to the significant sales of commercial domestic deicers in the prior year associated with a significant order that did not reoccur. Operating income was also adversely affected by a reduction in operating margin, as efficiencies gained in the prior-year period from the production of a large volume of identical units under that order did not reoccur in the current-year period.

During the year ended March 31, 2017, revenues from our GAS subsidiary totaled approximately $30,453,000, representing a $5,619,000 (23%) increase from the prior year. The segment's fiscal year 2017 operating loss, $501,000, was $535,000 (52%) lower than the 2016 loss principally due to the impact of increased revenues. Revenue increased with growth into new markets and services for both new and existing customers and strong parts sales. During the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, GAS entered into new agreements with its principal customer which replaced certain fixed price agreements covering certain locations that had been unprofitable. GAS anticipates the terms of these new agreements will permit it to operate with improved profitability at those locations.

Our new commercial jet engines and parts segment formed through the acquisitions of the businesses of Contrail Aviation and Jet Yard during the fiscal year 2017 contributed $7,456,000 to consolidated revenues for the fiscal year.

Revenues for Delphax, net of intercompany eliminations, totaled approximately $9,019,000, representing a $5,064,000 (128%) increase from the prior fiscal year, primarily due to the inclusion of Delphax in our consolidated results for the full fiscal year following our acquisition of interests in Delphax on November 24, 2015. In addition, Delphax implemented a final production run of consumable products for its legacy printing systems during the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017. Consolidated operating income was adversely affected by the $5,938,000 operating loss of the printing equipment and maintenance segment for the fiscal year.



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During the quarter ended June 30, 2016, Delphax was informed by its largest customer that the customer had decided to accelerate its plans for removing Delphax legacy printing systems from production and that Delphax should, as a consequence, expect the future volume of legacy product orders from the customer to decline markedly from prior forecasts. Furthermore, the future timeframe over which orders could be expected from this customer was being sharply curtailed. In addition to this specific customer communication, Delphax also experienced a broad-based decline in legacy product customer demand during the quarter. Sales of Delphax's new élan printer system also did not materialize to expectations in the quarter.

The above described adverse business developments drove significant negative operating results and led to severe liquidity constraints for Delphax. In addition to other measures intended to respond to developments, Delphax engaged an outside advisory firm to assist with operations, cost reductions and expense rationalization, and to provide an objective assessment and recommendations regarding Delphax's business outlook and alternative courses of action. During the quarter ended June 30, 2016, a number of Delphax employees were either severed or furloughed.

The adverse business developments during the quarter ended June 30, 2016 and the significantly deteriorated outlook for future orders of legacy and élan product caused the Company to reevaluate the recoverability of Delphax's assets, both tangible and intangible. Based on this reevaluation, which involved material estimation and subjectivity (including with respect to the recovery on assets in an operating liquidation), the Company concluded that a significant increase to inventory reserves was necessary. In addition, the Company concluded that Delphax related intangible assets, both amortizable assets and goodwill, should be fully impaired. The Company also recorded a partial impairment of Delphax related long-lived tangible assets. Furthermore, there was an assessment regarding whether, at June 30, 2016, future severance actions under existing Delphax employee benefit plans were both probable and estimable. This assessment led to the Company establishing an estimated accrual for future severance actions. The effects of these various adjustments, which aggregated to approximately $5,610,000, are reflected in the operating results of Delphax for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017.

For most of fiscal year 2017, Delphax's operations have been maintained at a significantly curtailed level.

During fiscal year 2017, the Company recognized approximately $2,755,000 in other-than-temporary impairment losses on investments (of which approximately $2,643,000 was attributable to the Company's investment in Insignia), though the Company recognized approximately $1,158,000 in other investment income from the Insignia special dividend paid in January 2017.


Fiscal 2017 vs. 2016


Consolidated revenue, net of intercompany eliminations, of $148,472,000 for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017 was essentially flat compared to the prior fiscal year amount of $148,212,000. The slight increase in the fiscal year 2017 revenue is due principally to the increase in the ground support services revenues and the inclusion of the printing equipment and maintenance segment for the full fiscal year and the commercial jet engines and parts segment almost entirely offset by the large order of deicers from a major airline in the prior year that did not reoccur in the 2017 fiscal year.

Revenues in the overnight air cargo segment increased $1,331,000 (2%) to $69,558,000 principally due to the greater administrative fee amount paid under the new dry-lease agreements as discussed above. In addition, the segment's maintenance revenues decreased $1,799,000 (7%) principally due to a decrease in pass-through maintenance revenues.

Revenues for GGS, net of intercompany eliminations, totaled approximately $31,447,000 for the year ended March 31, 2017, a decrease of $19,728,000 (39%) from the prior year. The decrease in GGS revenues and reduction in operating income is attributable principally to the significant sales of commercial domestic deicers in the prior year associated with a significant order that did not reoccur.

During the year ended March 31, 2017, revenues from our GAS subsidiary totaled approximately $30,453,000, representing a $5,619,000 (23%) increase from the prior year. Revenue increased with growth into new markets and services for both new and existing customers and strong annual part sales.



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Revenues for Delphax, net of intercompany eliminations, totaled approximately $9,019,000, representing a $5,064,000 (128%) increase from the prior fiscal year, primarily due to the inclusion of Delphax in our consolidated results for the full fiscal year following our acquisition of interests in Delphax on November 24, 2015. In addition, Delphax initiated a final production run of consumable products for its legacy printing systems during the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017.

Our new commercial jet engines and parts segment formed through the acquisitions of the businesses of Contrail Aviation and Jet Yard during the fiscal year 2017 contributed $7,456,000 to consolidated revenues for the fiscal year.

Consolidated operating expenses, net of intercompany eliminations, increased by $9,392,000 (7%) to $151,572,000 for fiscal year 2017 compared to fiscal year 2016. Operating expenses in the overnight air cargo segment increased $1,891,000 (3%) over the prior year principally due to higher operating costs not passed through to the customer, principally increased flight crew costs. Of the segment's $66,834,000 of operating costs in the current year, $23,379,000 were costs passed through to our air cargo customer without markup. Ground equipment sales operating costs decreased $16,103,000 (36%) compared to the prior fiscal year principally due to the order of a major airlines in fiscal year 2016 that did not reoccur. Operating expenses in the ground support services segment increased by $5,083,000 (20%) driven principally by investments made in infrastructure to help position the segment for growth, including facility upgrades, leadership, marketing and data analysis roles, and training.

General and administrative expense increased $4,041,000 (22%) to $22,180,000 in fiscal year 2017. General and administrative expense increased by $2,315,000 due to inclusion of the commercial jet engines and parts segment as a result of the acquisition of the Contrail Aviation business and Jet Yard. General and administrative expense also increased $1,657,000 due to the inclusion of Delphax in consolidated results for the full fiscal year. General and administrative expense also increased due to professional fees related to the acquisitions and the stock repurchase effected in the second quarter of the fiscal year 2017.

Operating loss for the year ended March 31, 2017 was $3,101,000, a $9,132,000 (151%) deterioration from fiscal 2016. The printing equipment and maintenance segment saw an increase in its operating loss in fiscal year 2017 principally due to the significant negative operating results of Delphax related to the asset impairments and other costs described earlier. In addition, the ground equipment sales segment operating income decreased 63% driven principally by decreased sales volume compared to the prior fiscal year. During the fiscal year 2016, the operating income for the ground equipment sales segment was higher as a result of significantly greater volumes and enhanced margins, principally as a result of production efficiencies obtained in connection with the assembly of similar units under a significant order by a major airline company received and completed that did not reoccur in fiscal year 2017. The air cargo operating income decreased 17% compared to the prior year mainly due to the lower billable hours coupled with higher operating costs not passed through to the customer, principally increased flight crew costs. The operating loss of the ground support services segment improved by $535,000 (52%) in fiscal year 2017 principally due to the impact of increased revenues from growth into new markets and services for both new and existing customers and strong parts sales. The commercial jet engines and parts and leasing segments contributed operating income of approximately $533,000 and $423,000, respectively, in the fiscal year 2017. Consolidated operating results included a loss on sale of assets of $25,000 in the current fiscal year compared to a gain of $6,000 in the prior fiscal year.

Non-operating loss, net for the year ended March 31, 2017 was $1,118,000, a $1,240,000 deterioration from fiscal year 2016. This change was caused principally by the impairment loss on investments of $2,755,000 during the fiscal year 2017.

During the year ended March 31, 2017, the Company recorded $725,000 in income tax expense, which resulted in an annual tax effective rate of (17.1%), compared to the rate of 38.9%, for the prior year. The effective income tax rates for both periods differ from the U. S. federal statutory rate of 34% partially due to the effect of state income taxes, the benefit of the federal domestic production activities deduction under Section 199 of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC), the valuation allowance recorded against Delphax's net deferred tax asset, and the benefit for the exclusion of income for SAIC afforded under Internal Revenue Code (IRC) Section 831(b). SAIC has elected under Section 831(b) to be taxed solely on their net investment income. Section 831(b) is a special provision for certain insurance companies with net annual written premiums of $1,200,000 or less. The benefit of the Section 831(b) election for the March 31, 2017 fiscal year end resulted in a decrease to tax expense of $281,000. The reason for the negative effective tax rate for the year ended March 31, 2017 was the tax impact related to Delphax. Delphax contributed a $6,041,000 pre-tax loss, however given that Delphax is not included in the Air T, Inc.'s consolidated tax returns and has established a full deferred tax valuation allowance, there was no tax benefit recorded for Delphax's loss. Furthermore, for the year ended March 31, 2017 a partial valuation allowance was recorded for the other-than-temporary loss relating to the investment in Insignia and a benefit was reflected for the dividend received deduction which provides an exclusion from taxable income of 70% of the dividends the Company received.



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Net loss attributable to Air T, Inc. stockholders for fiscal year 2017 was $3,214,000, or $1.51 per diluted share, compared to a net income attributable to Air T, Inc. stockholders of $4,414,000, or $1.84 per diluted share, for fiscal year 2016.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of March 31, 2017, the Company held approximately $2.8 million in cash and cash equivalents. The Company also held approximately $890,000 in restricted cash with $250,000 in cash held as statutory reserve of SAIC and the remaining $640,000 pledged to secure SAIC's participation in certain reinsurance pools, and $345,000 was invested in accounts not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ("FDIC").

As of March 31, 2017, the Company's working capital amounted to $28,590,000, an increase of $5,348,000 compared to March 31, 2016.

As of March 31, 2017, the Company had a senior secured revolving credit facility of $25.0 million (the "Revolving Credit Facility"). The Revolving Credit Facility includes a sublimit for issuances of letters of credit of up to $500,000. Under the Revolving Credit Facility, each of the Company, MAC, CSA, GGS, GAS, Jet Yard, AirCo and ATGL may make borrowings. Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility bear interest (payable monthly) at an annual rate of one-month LIBOR plus an incremental amount ranging from 1.50% to 2.00% based on a consolidated leverage ratio. At March 31, 2017, the applicable annual interest rate was one-month LIBOR plus 2.00%. In addition, a commitment fee accrues with respect to the unused amount of the Revolving Credit Facility at an annual rate of 0.15%. The Company includes commitment fee expense within the interest expense and other line item of the accompanying consolidated statements of income (loss). Amounts applied to repay borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility may be reborrowed, subject to the terms of the facility. The Revolving Credit Facility matures on April 1, 2019. A total of $17,908,000 in borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility was outstanding at March 31, 2017.

Borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility, together with hedging obligations, if any, owing to the lender under the Revolving Credit Facility or any affiliate of such lender, are secured by a first-priority security interest in substantially all assets of the Company and the other borrowers (including, without limitation, accounts receivable, equipment, inventory and other goods, intellectual property, contract rights and other general intangibles, cash, deposit accounts, equity interests in subsidiaries and joint ventures, investment property, documents and instruments, and proceeds of the foregoing), but excluding interests in real property.

The agreement governing the Revolving Credit Facility contains affirmative and negative covenants, including covenants that restrict the ability of the Company and the other borrowers to, among other things, incur or guarantee indebtedness, incur liens, dispose of assets, engage in mergers and consolidations, make acquisitions or other investments, make changes in the nature of their business, enter into certain operating leases, and make certain capital expenditures. The credit agreement governing the Revolving Credit Facility also contains financial covenants, including a minimum consolidated tangible net worth of $18.0 million plus, on a cumulative basis and commencing with the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, 50% of consolidated net income for the fiscal year then ended, a minimum consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.35 to 1.0, a minimum consolidated asset coverage ratio of 1.50 to 1.0 for the quarter ended March 31, 2017 and 1.75 to 1.0 thereafter (though the consolidated asset coverage ratio is not to be tested under the agreement governing the Revolving Credit Facility for the quarters ending June 30, 2017, September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2017), a maximum consolidated leverage ratio of 3.5 to 1.0, and a covenant limiting the aggregate amount of assets the Company and its subsidiaries lease, or hold for leasing, to others to no more than $5,000,000 at any time. The Company was not in compliance with the maximum consolidated leverage ratio covenant as of the March 31, 2017, December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2016 measurement dates and the minimum tangible net worth covenant at the March 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and September 30, 2016 measurement dates. The lender has waived compliance with these covenants as of these measurement dates and has agreed that the maximum consolidated leverage ratio covenant will not be tested at the June 30, 2017 measurement date. The agreement governing the Revolving Credit Facility contains events of default including, without limitation, nonpayment of principal, interest or other obligations, violation of covenants, misrepresentation, cross-default to other debt, bankruptcy and other insolvency events, judgments, certain ERISA events, certain changes of control of the Company, termination of, or modification to materially reduce the scope of the services required to be provided under, certain agreements with FedEx, and the occurrence of a material adverse effect upon the Company and the other borrowers as a whole. Except as indicated above, the Company was in compliance with covenants under the Revolving Credit Facility at March 31, 2017.



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The Company is exposed to changes in interest rates on its revolving credit facility. If the LIBOR interest rate had been increased by one percentage point, based on the weighted average balance outstanding for the year, the change in annual interest expense would have been approximately $114,000.

On May 2, 2017, the Company and certain of its subsidiaries entered into an amendment to the agreement governing the Revolving Credit Facility to establish a separate $2.4 million term loan facility under that agreement (the "Term Loan"). Each of the Company and such subsidiaries are obligors with respect to the Term Loan, which matures on May 1, 2018, with equal $200,000 installments of principal due monthly, commencing June 1, 2017. Interest on the Term Loan is payable monthly at a per annum rate equal to 25 basis points above the interest rate applicable to the Revolving Credit Facility. The proceeds of the Term Loan were used to fund the acquisition of the AirCo business. The Term Loan is secured by the existing collateral securing borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility, including such acquired assets. The amendment also provided that the consolidated asset coverage ratio covenant will not be measured for the fiscal quarters ending June 30, 2017, September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2017.

Pursuant to an amendment to the agreement governing the Revolving Credit Facility that became effective as of June 28, 2017, the interest rates on the revolving loans and Term Loan made under the Revolving Credit Facility were each increased by an additional 0.25% per annum from the date of the amendment until the second business day after delivery of a compliance certificate for the quarter ending March 31, 2017 or any subsequent fiscal quarter end showing compliance with the financial covenants required under the Revolving Credit Facility, other than with respect to covenants as to which compliance had been waived. The lender has also waived the default under the agreement governing the Revolving Credit Facility that arose from the Company's failure to deliver consolidated financial statements and compliance certificates at and for the respective periods ended March 31, 2017 and June 30, 2017.

On October 31, 2016, the Company and its subsidiaries, MAC, GGS, CSA, GAS, ATGL, Jet Yard and Stratus Aero entered into a Loan Agreement dated as of October 31, 2016, (the "Construction Loan Agreement") with the lender to borrow up to $1,480,000 to finance the acquisition and development of the Company's new corporate headquarters facility to be located in Denver, North Carolina. Under the Construction Loan Agreement, the Company may make monthly drawings to fund construction costs until October 2017. Borrowings under the Construction Loan Agreement bear interest at the same rate charged under the Revolving Credit Facility. Monthly interest payments began in November 2016. Monthly principal payments (based on a 25-year amortization schedule) are to commence in November 2017, with the final payment of the remaining principal balance due in October 2026. Borrowings under the Construction Loan Agreement are secured by a mortgage on the new headquarters facility and a collateral assignment of the Company's rights in life insurance policies with respect to certain former executives, as well as the same collateral securing borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility. At March 31, 2017, outstanding borrowings under the Construction Loan were $562,000.

In connection with and upon consummation of the Contrail Aviation acquisition in July 2016, Contrail Aviation entered into a Credit Agreement (the "Contrail Credit Agreement") with a bank lender. The Contrail Credit Agreement provided for revolving credit borrowings by Contrail Aviation in an amount up to the lesser of $12,000,000 or a borrowing base. The borrowing base was computed monthly and was equal to the sum of 75% of the value of eligible inventory (up to a maximum of $9,000,000) and 80% of outstanding eligible accounts receivable. The borrowing base at March 31, 2017 was $3.2 million, and the outstanding principal balance of borrowings under the Contrail Credit Agreement were $0 as of that date. Borrowings under the Contrail Credit Agreement bear interest at a rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus 2.80%, and mature in January 2018. The obligations of Contrail Aviation under the Contrail Credit Agreement were required to be guaranteed by each of its subsidiaries (if any), and were (and the guaranty obligations of any such subsidiary guarantors were required to be) secured by a first-priority security interest in substantially all of the assets of Contrail Aviation and any such subsidiary guarantors, as applicable (including, without limitation, accounts receivable, equipment, inventory and other goods, intellectual property, contract rights and other general intangibles, cash, deposit accounts, equity interests in subsidiaries and joint ventures, investment property, documents and instruments, real property, and proceeds of the foregoing). The obligations of Contrail Aviation under the Contrail Credit Agreement were also guaranteed by the Company, with such guaranty limited in amount to a maximum of $1,600,000, plus interest on such amount at the rate of interest in effect under the Contrail Credit Agreement, plus costs of collection.

The Contrail Credit Agreement contained affirmative and negative covenants, including covenants that restricted the ability of Contrail Aviation and its subsidiaries to, among other things, incur or guarantee indebtedness, incur liens, dispose of assets, engage in mergers and consolidations, make acquisitions or other investments, make changes in the nature of its business, and engage in transactions with affiliates. The Contrail Credit Agreement also contained financial covenants applicable to Contrail Aviation and its subsidiaries, including a minimum debt service coverage ratio of 1.75 to 1.0, a maximum ratio of total liabilities to tangible net worth of 2.5 to 1.0, and a $10,000 limitation on annual operating lease payments. At March 31, 2017, Contrail Aviation was in compliance with its bank covenants.



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On May 5, 2017, Contrail Aviation entered into a loan agreement (the "Contrail Loan Agreement") with a different bank lender to replace the Contrail Credit Agreement described above. The Contrail Loan Agreement provides for revolving credit borrowings by Contrail Aviation in an amount up to $15,000,000, with the available borrowing amount not limited by a borrowing base, though the Contrail Loan Agreement provides that the lender is not obligated to advance loans under the Contrail Loan Agreement if there occurs a material adverse change in Contrail Aviation's or Air T's financial condition or in the value of any collateral securing the loans made thereunder and an annual appraisal of inventory is required. Borrowings under the Contrail Loan Agreement bear interest at an annual rate equal to one-month LIBOR plus 3.00%.

The obligations of Contrail Aviation under the Contrail Loan Agreement are secured by a first-priority security interest in substantially all of the assets of Contrail Aviation and are also guaranteed by Air T, with such guaranty limited in amount to a maximum of $1,600,000, plus interest on such amount at the rate of interest in effect under the Contrail Loan Agreement, plus costs of collection. The Contrail Loan Agreement contains affirmative and negative covenants, including covenants that restrict Contrail Aviation's ability to make acquisitions or investments, make certain changes to its capital structure, and engage in any business substantially different that it presently conducts. The Contrail Loan Agreement also contains financial covenants applicable to Contrail Aviation, including maintenance of a Cash Flow Coverage Ratio of 2.0 to 1.0, a Tangible Net Worth of not less than $3,500,000, and a Debt Service Coverage Ratio of 1.1 to 1.0, as such terms are defined in the Contrail Loan Agreement.

The Contrail Loan Agreement contains events of default including, without limitation, nonpayment of principal, interest or other obligations, violation of covenants, if both Contrail Aviation's current Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer cease to oversee day-to-day operations of Contrail Aviation, cross-default to other debt, bankruptcy and other insolvency events, actual or asserted invalidity of loan documentation, or material adverse changes in Contrail Aviation's financial condition.

The Contrail Loan Agreement provides that all loan proceeds are to be used solely for Contrail Aviation's business operations, unless specifically consented to the contrary by lender in writing. Accordingly, without the written consent of the lender, borrowings under the Contrail Loan Agreement are not a source of liquidity to Air T or any subsidiary of Air T other than Contrail Aviation.



Following is a table of changes in cash flow for the respective years ended
March 31, 2017 and 2016:



                                                             Year Ended March 31,
                                                             2017             2016

Net Cash (Used in) Provided by Operating Activities $ (7,554,000 ) $ 3,215,000 Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

                      (3,700,000 )     (5,266,000 )

Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Financing Activities 8,688,000 (5,994,000 ) Effect of foreign currency exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents

                                              (16,000 )          2,000

Net Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents                $ (2,582,000 )   $ (8,043,000 )

Cash used in operating activities in fiscal year 2017 reflected a change of $10,769,000 compared to fiscal 2016 cash flow provided by operations principally due to the change in inventory and accounts receivable.

Cash used in investing activities was $1,566,000 less in fiscal 2017 primarily due a change in the Company's marketable securities and business acquisition activities between the two fiscal years.

Cash provided by financing activities in fiscal year 2017 reflected a change of $14,682,000 compared to the cash used for such activities in prior year period due primarily to $17,910,000 in borrowings under the Revolving Credit Facility in the current-year period, offset by the use of $7,917,000 for the repurchase of 329,738 shares of common stock effected by the Company on July 1, 2016. Cash used in financing activities in 2017 was also affected by a net $1,864,000 repayment of Delphax's senior credit facility. As of March 31, 2016, no amounts were outstanding under Air T, Inc.'s Revolving Credit Facility. Delphax had outstanding borrowings of approximately $1,833,000 under its senior credit facility as of March 31, 2016.



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In June 2016, the Company acquired land and entered into an agreement to construct a new corporate headquarters facility in Denver, North Carolina for an aggregate amount of approximately $1.9 million. Construction of the facility has been completed and the Company relocated its corporate headquarters to this facility on July 31, 2017. This facility replaced the Company's prior headquarters which has been leased from an entity owned by certain former officers and directors at an annual rental payment of approximately $178,000. There are currently no other commitments for significant capital expenditures.

In May 2014, the Company's Board of Directors adopted a policy to discontinue the payment of a regularly scheduled annual cash dividend.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

The Company defines an off-balance sheet arrangement as any transaction, agreement or other contractual arrangement involving an unconsolidated entity under which a Company has (1) made guarantees, (2) a retained or a contingent interest in transferred assets, (3) an obligation under derivative instruments classified as equity, or (4) any obligation arising out of a material variable interest in an unconsolidated entity that provides financing, liquidity, market risk or credit risk support to the Company, or that engages in leasing, hedging, or research and development arrangements with the Company. The Company is not currently engaged in the use of any of these arrangements.


Impact of Inflation


The Company believes that inflation has not had a material effect on its manufacturing operations, because increased costs to date have been passed on to its customers. Under the terms of its overnight air cargo business contracts the major cost components of its operations, consisting principally of fuel, crew and other direct operating costs, and certain maintenance costs are reimbursed by its customer. Significant increases in inflation rates could, however, have a material impact on future revenue and operating income.


Seasonality


GGS's business has historically been seasonal, with the revenues and operating income typically being lower in the first and fourth fiscal quarters as commercial deicers are typically delivered prior to the winter season. The Company had worked to reduce GGS's seasonal fluctuation in revenues and earnings by increasing military and international sales and broadening its product line to increase revenues and earnings throughout the year. In July 2009, GGS was awarded a new contract to supply deicing trucks to the USAF, which expired in July 2014. On May 15, 2014, GGS was awarded a new contract to supply deicing trucks to the USAF. The initial contract award is for two years through July 13, 2016 with four additional one-year extension options that may be exercised by the USAF, the first of which was exercised, extending the contract term to July 13, 2017. The value of the contract, as well as the number of units to be delivered, depends upon annual requirements and available funding to the USAF. Although GGS has retained the USAF deicer contract, orders under the contract have not been sufficient to offset the seasonal trend for commercial sales. As a result, GGS revenues and operating income have resumed their seasonal nature. Our other reporting segments are not susceptible to seasonal trends.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

The Company's significant accounting policies are more fully described in Note 1 of Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. The preparation of the Company's consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires the use of estimates and assumptions to determine certain assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. Management bases these estimates and assumptions upon the best information available at the time of the estimates or assumptions. The Company's estimates and assumptions could change materially as conditions within and beyond our control change. Accordingly, actual results could differ materially from estimates. The Company believes that the following are its most significant accounting policies:

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. An allowance for doubtful accounts receivable is established based on management's estimates of the collectability of accounts receivable. The required allowance is determined using information such as customer credit history, industry information, credit reports, customer financial condition and the collectability of outstanding receivables. The estimates can be affected by changes in the financial strength of the aviation industry, customer credit issues or general economic conditions.



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Inventories. The Company's inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market. Provisions for excess and obsolete inventories are based on assessment of the marketability of slow-moving and obsolete inventories. Historical parts usage, current period sales, estimated future demand and anticipated transactions between willing buyers and sellers provide the basis for estimates. Estimates are subject to volatility and can be affected by reduced equipment utilization, existing supplies of used inventory available for sale, the retirement of aircraft or ground equipment, changes in the financial strength of the aviation industry, and market developments impacting both legacy and next-generation products and services of our printing equipment and maintenance segment.

Warranty Reserves. The Company warranties its ground equipment products for up to a three-year period from date of sale. Product warranty reserves are recorded at time of sale based on the historical average warranty cost and are adjusted as actual warranty cost becomes known. Delphax warranties its equipment for a period of 90 days commencing with installation, except in the European Union, where it is generally one year from product shipment date. Similarly, Delphax warranties spare parts and supplies for a period of 90 days from shipment date. These warranty reserves are reviewed quarterly and adjustments are made based on actual claims experience in order to properly estimate the amounts necessary to settle future and existing claims.

Income Taxes. Income taxes have been provided using the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax laws and rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date.

Revenue Recognition. The Company recognizes revenue when it is earned. This occurs when services have been rendered or products are shipped to the customer in accordance with the terms of an agreement of sale, there is a fixed or determinable selling price, title and risk of loss have been transferred, and collectability is reasonably assured. Revenues from our Overnight Air Cargo segment are generally recognized as flight operation and maintenance services are provided or, in the case of certain pass-through costs for things like maintenance parts and fuel, as the Company incurs the related expenditure. Within the Company's Ground Equipment Sales segment, revenues are generally recognized at the time the related equipment has been shipped to the customer and risk of loss has transferred. In the case of certain contracts with the U.S. Government or related prime contractors, the Company applies contract accounting and uses either the percentage-of-completion or completed contract method, as appropriate. Revenues of our Ground Support Services segment are generally recognized as the contracted services are completed. Substantially all Printing Equipment and Maintenance segment revenues are recognized upon product shipment, which is generally when transfer to the customer of loss occurs. Service revenue is recognized upon completion of services. Similarly, Commercial Jet Engines and Parts segment revenues are recognized upon shipment of parts and transfer of loss or, as applicable, upon completion of services. Leasing revenues are recognized consistent with contract terms and are generally recognized on a straight-line basis due to the operating lease classification of the underlying leases.

Although infrequent, the Company does occasionally enter into customer arrangements that involve the delivery of multiple elements. For any such arrangements, the Company applies the applicable accounting guidance in order to identify the individual accounting elements and to determine the most appropriate revenue recognition model for such elements.

We evaluate gross versus net presentation on revenues from products or services purchased and resold in accordance with the revenue recognition criteria outlined in Codification section 605-45, Principal Agent Considerations.

Business Combinations. The Company accounts for business combinations in accordance with FASB Codification Section 805 ("ASC 805") Business Combinations. Consistent with ASC 805, the Company accounts for each business combination by applying the acquisition method. Under the acquisition method, the Company records the identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed at their respective fair values on the acquisition date. Goodwill is recognized for the excess of the purchase consideration over the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired. Included in purchase consideration is the estimated acquisition date fair value of any earn-out obligation incurred. For business combinations where non-controlling interests remain after the acquisition, assets (including goodwill) and liabilities of the acquired business are recorded at the full fair value and the portion of the acquisition date fair value attributable to non-controlling interests is recorded as a separate line item within the equity section or, as applicable to redeemable non-controlling interests, between the liabilities and equity sections of the Company's consolidated balance sheet.



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The acquisition method permits the Company a period of time after the acquisition date during which the Company may adjust the provisional amounts recognized in a business combination. This period of time is referred to as the "measurement period". The measurement period provides an acquirer with a reasonable time to obtain the information necessary to identify and measure the assets acquired and liabilities assumed. If the initial accounting for a business combination is incomplete by the end of the reporting period in which the combination occurs, the Company reports in its consolidated financial statements provisional amounts for the items for which the accounting is incomplete. Under accounting standards in effect as of the Company's acquisition of interests in Delphax, the Company had two alternatives available to account for subsequent adjustments to the provisional amounts recognized at the acquisition date to reflect new information obtained about facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date that, if known, would have affected the measurement of the amounts recognized as of that date. Under the first method, which will no longer be an available option beginning with the Company's first fiscal 2017 quarter, the Company would retrospectively adjust the provisional amounts recognized at the acquisition date to reflect new information obtained. Under the second method, which will be the only allowed method beginning with the Company's first fiscal 2017 quarter, the Company is required to recognize adjustments to the provisional amounts, with a corresponding adjustment to goodwill, in the reporting period in which the adjustments to the provisional amounts are determined. Thus, the Company would adjust its consolidated financial statements as needed, including recognizing in its current-period earnings the full effect of changes in depreciation, amortization, or other income effects, by line item, if any, as a result of the change to the provisional amounts calculated as if the accounting had been completed at the acquisition date. The Company has adopted the second of the two above-described methods.

Income statement activity of an acquired business is reflected within the Company's consolidated statements of income (loss) commencing with the date of acquisition. Amounts for pre-acquisition periods are excluded.

Acquisition-related costs are costs the Company incurs to effect a business combination. Those costs may include such items as finder's fees; advisory, legal, accounting, valuation, and other professional or consulting fees, and general administrative costs. The Company accounts for such acquisition-related costs as expenses in the period in which the costs are incurred and the services are received.

Changes in estimate of the fair value of earn-out obligations subsequent to the acquisition date are not accounted for as part of the acquisition but are rather recognized in directly in earnings.

Redeemable Non-Controlling Interest. As more fully described in Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company is party to a put/call option agreement concerning the non-controlling ownership interest held in the Company's consolidated subsidiary, Contrail Aviation. The put/call option permits Contrail Aviation, at any time after the fifth anniversary of the Company's acquisition of Contrail Aviation, to purchase the non-controlling interest from the holder of such interest. The agreement also permits the holder of the non-controlling interest to sell such interest to Contrail Aviation. Per the agreement, the price is to be agreed upon by the parties or, failing such agreement, to be determined pursuant to third-party appraisals in a process specified in the agreement. Applicable accounting guidance requires an equity instrument that is redeemable for cash or other assets to be classified outside of permanent equity if it is redeemable (a) at a fixed or determinable price on a fixed or determinable date, (b) at the option of the holder, or (c) upon the occurrence of an event that is not solely within the control of the issuer. Based on this guidance, the Company has classified the Contrail Aviation non-controlling interest between the liabilities and equity sections of the accompanying March 31, 2017 consolidated balance sheet. If an equity instrument subject to the guidance is currently redeemable, the instrument is adjusted to its maximum redemption amount at the balance sheet date. If the equity instrument subject to the guidance is not currently redeemable but it is probable that the equity instrument will become redeemable (for example, when the redemption depends solely on the passage of time), the guidance permits either of the following measurement methods: (a) accrete changes in the redemption value over the period from the date of issuance (or from the date that it becomes probable that the instrument will become redeemable, if later) to the earliest redemption date of the instrument using an appropriate methodology, or (b) recognize changes in the redemption value immediately as they occur and adjust the carrying amount of the instrument to equal the redemption value at the end of each reporting period. The amount presented in temporary equity should be no less than the initial amount reported in temporary equity for the instrument. Because the Contrail Aviation equity instrument will become redeemable solely based on the passage of time, the Company determined that it is probable that the Contrail Aviation equity instrument will become redeemable. Company has elected to apply the first of the two measurement options described above. An adjustment to the carrying amount of a non-controlling interest from the application of the above guidance does not impact net income or comprehensive income in the consolidated financial statements. Rather, such adjustments are treated as equity transactions.



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Attribution of Net Income or Loss of Partially-Owned Consolidated Entities. In the case of Delphax, we determined that the attribution of net income or loss should be based on consideration of all of Air T's investments in Delphax and Delphax Canada. Our investment in the Warrant provides that in the event that dividends are paid on the common stock of Delphax, the holder of the Warrant is entitled to participate in such dividends on a ratable basis as if the Warrant had been fully exercised and the shares of Series B Preferred Stock acquired upon such exercise had been converted into shares of Delphax common stock. This provision would have entitled Air T, Inc. to approximately 67% of any Delphax dividends paid, with the remaining 33% paid to the non-controlling interests. We concluded that this was a substantive distribution right which should be considered in the attribution of Delphax net income or loss to non-controlling interests. We furthermore concluded that our investment in the debt of Delphax should be considered in attribution. Specifically, Delphax's net losses are attributed first to our Series B Preferred Stock and Warrant investments and to the non-controlling interest (67% /33%) until such amounts are reduced to zero. Additional losses are then fully attributed to our debt investments until they too are reduced to zero. This sequencing reflects the relative priority of debt to equity. Any further losses are then attributed to Air T and the non-controlling interests based on the initial 67% / 33% share. Delphax net income is attributed using a backwards-tracing approach with respect to previous losses. The effect of interest expense arising under the Senior Subordinated Note and, since January 6, 2017, under the Delphax Senior Credit Agreement, and other intercompany transactions, are reflected in the attribution of Delphax net income or losses to non-controlling interests because Delphax is a variable interest entity. Application of this methodology resulted in attribution of 33% of Delphax net losses to the non-controlling interests for the fiscal quarters ended December 31, 2015 and March 31, 2016, attribution of 32% of Delphax's net losses to the non-controlling interests, for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2016, attribution of 33% of Delphax's losses to the non-controlling interests for the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2016, attribution of Delphax's net income to the non-controlling interests for the fiscal quarter December 31, 2016, and attribution of 2% of Delphax net losses to the non-controlling interests for the quarter ended March 31, 2017. As a result, 33% of Delphax net losses were attributed to the non-controlling interests for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2016 and 30% of Delphax's net losses were attributed to the non-controlling interests for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017.

The above-described attribution methodology applies only to our investments in Delphax. We establish the appropriate attribution methodology on an entity-specific basis. In the case of Contrail Aviation, we concluded that an attribution methodology based solely on equity ownership percentages was appropriate.

Goodwill. The Company tests goodwill for impairment at least once annually. An impairment test will also be carried out anytime events or changes in circumstances indicate that goodwill might be impaired. Goodwill is tested for impairment at a level of reporting referred to as a reporting unit. The applicable accounting standards provide for two methods to assess goodwill for possible impairment, one qualitative and the other a two-step quantitative method. The Company is permitted to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not (this is, a likelihood of more than 50 percent) that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, including goodwill. In qualitatively evaluating whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, the Company assesses relevant events and circumstances such as macroeconomic conditions, industry and market developments, cost factors, and the overall financial performance of the reporting unit. If, after assessing these events and circumstances, it is determined that it is not more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, then the first and second steps of the quantitative goodwill impairment test are unnecessary. In the first step of the quantitative method, recoverability of goodwill is evaluated by estimating the fair value of the reporting unit's goodwill using multiple techniques, including a discounted cash flow model income approach and a market approach. The estimated fair value is then compared to the carrying value of the reporting unit. If the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, a second step is performed to determine the amount of impairment loss, if any. The second step requires allocation of the reporting unit's fair value to all of its assets and liabilities using the acquisition method prescribed under authoritative guidance for business combinations. Any residual fair value is allocated to goodwill. Impairment losses, limited to the carrying value of goodwill, represent the excess of the carrying amount of goodwill over its implied fair value.

Long-lived Assets. Long-lived assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of the assets may not be recoverable. Factors which may cause an impairment include extended operating cash flow losses from the assets and management's decisions regarding the future use of assets. To conduct impairment testing, the Company groups assets and liabilities at the lowest level for which identifiable cash is largely independent of cash flows of other assets and liabilities. For assets that are to be held and used, impairment is recognized when the estimated undiscounted cash flows associated with an asset group is less than the carrying value. In the event it is determined that the carrying values of long-lived assets are in excess of the estimated undiscounted cash flows from those assets, the Company then will write-down the value of the assets by such excess. Fair values are determined considering quoted market values, discounted cash flows or internal and external appraisals, as applicable.



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Marketable Securities. On a quarterly basis, the Company reviews marketable securities for declines in market value that may be considered other than temporary. Market value declines are considered to be other than temporary based on the length of time and the magnitude of the amount of each security that is in an unrealized loss position. The Company also consider the nature of the underlying investments and other market conditions or when other evidence indicates impairment. If the Company determines that an investment has other than a temporary decline in fair value, the Company recognizes the investment loss in non-operating income, net in the accompanying consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).

Going Concern. The Company applies Codification section 205-40 Presentation of Financial Statements - Going Concern, which became effective for the Company's fiscal year ended March 31, 2017. In connection with preparing its consolidated financial statements, Company management evaluates whether there are conditions and events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the Company's ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the date that the consolidated financial statements are available to be issued.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). ASU 2014-09 is a comprehensive new revenue recognition model that requires a company to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to a customer at an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to receive in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 also requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments and assets recognized from costs incurred to obtain or fulfill a contract. ASU 2014-09 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017 (our fiscal year 2019) with earlier adoption permitted for reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016. ASU 2014-09 may be applied using either a full retrospective approach, under which all years included in the financial statements will be presented under the revised guidance, or a modified retrospective approach, under which financial statements will be prepared under the revised guidance for the year of adoption, but not for prior years. Under the latter method, entities would recognize a cumulative catch-up adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings at the effective date for contracts that still require performance by the entity, and disclose all line items in the year of adoption as if they were prepared under the old revenue guidance.

The Company is currently evaluating the methods of adoption allowed by the new standard and the effect the standard is expected to have on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows and related disclosures. Because our evaluation is not complete, we have not yet quantified and, accordingly, are not able to make a reasonable estimate of the impact of the new revenue standard on our consolidated financial statements at this time. We anticipate completing our evaluation during the second or third quarter of fiscal year 2018.

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory (Topic 330). This standard amends existing guidance to simplify the measurement of inventory by requiring certain inventory to be measured at the lower of cost or net realizable value. The amendment in ASU 2015-11 is for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. The amendment should be applied prospectively with earlier application permitted as of the beginning of an interim or annual reporting period. The Company does not expect the impact of adopting ASU 2015-11 to be material to the Company's consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes (Topic 740). This standard eliminates the current requirement to present deferred tax liabilities and assets as current and noncurrent in a classified balance sheet. Under this new guidance, entities will be required to classify all deferred tax assets and liabilities as noncurrent. This guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 with earlier adoption permitted. This amendment will not have a material impact on the consolidated financial statements.

In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, that amends the guidance on the classification and measurement of financial instruments (Subtopic 825-10). ASU 2016-01 becomes effective in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods therein. ASU 2016-01 removes equity securities from the scope of Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 320 and creates ASC Topic 321, Investments - Equity Securities. Under the new guidance, all equity securities with readily determinable fair values are measured at fair value on the statement of financial position, with changes in fair value recorded through earnings. The update eliminates the option to record changes in the fair value of equity securities through other comprehensive income. The Company is evaluating the impact of the adoption of the standard on its consolidated financial statements. The Company currently has investments in available of sale securities and the fair value changes of such securities are, other than in the case of possible other-than-temporary impairments, currently reflected in other comprehensive income. Provided that the Company continues to hold available for sale securities after adoption of the amended guidance, earnings are likely to become more volatile.



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In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The new standard establishes a right-of-use ("ROU") model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition. Similarly, lessors will be required to classify leases as either sales-type, finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of income recognition. Classification for both lessees and lessors will be based on an assessment of whether risks and rewards as well as substantive control have been transferred through a lease contract. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the consolidated financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. The Company is evaluating the impact of the adoption of the standard on its consolidated financial statements.

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which addresses several aspects of the accounting for employee share-based payment transactions, including the accounting for income taxes, forfeitures, and statutory tax withholding requirements, as well as classification in the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-9 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016 and earlier adoption is permitted. The new standard requires that an entity recognize all excess tax benefits and tax deficiencies as income tax expense or benefit in the income statement as discrete items in the reporting period in which they occur. Under the previous standard, excess tax benefits are recognized in additional paid-in capital and tax deficiencies are recognized either as an offset to accumulated excess tax benefits, or in the income statement. This accounting guidance will be effective for the Company beginning with its 2018 fiscal year. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this new guidance.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. This standard significantly changes how entities will measure credit losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments that are not measured at fair value through net income, including trade receivables. The standard requires an entity to estimate its lifetime "expected credit loss" for such assets at inception, and record an allowance that, when deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial asset, presents the net amount expected to be collected on the financial asset. Early adoption is permitted for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods therein. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of the standard on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. ASU 2016-15 clarifies how cash receipts and cash payments in certain transactions are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. The effective date of this update is for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. The update requires retrospective application to all periods presented but may be applied prospectively if retrospective application is impracticable. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption of the standard on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.

In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Restricted Cash (Topic 230). ASU 2016-18 requires that the statement of cash flows explain the changes in the combined total of restricted and unrestricted cash balance. Amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents will be combined with unrestricted cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning and end of period balances on the statement of cash flows. Further, the ASU requires a reconciliation of balances from the statement of cash flows to the balance sheet in situations in which the balance sheet includes more than one line item of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash. Companies will also be disclosing the nature of the restrictions. ASU 2016-18 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of the standard on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.



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In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-1, Clarifying the Definition of a Business (Topic 805). This ASU clarifies the definition of a business with the objective of adding guidance to assist entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. The guidance is effective for fiscal years that begin after December 15, 2017 and is to be applied prospectively. The adoption of this standard is not expected to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-4, Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment (Topic 350). This ASU simplifies how an entity is required to test goodwill for impairment by eliminating Step Two from the goodwill impairment test. Step Two measures a goodwill impairment loss by comparing the implied fair value of a reporting unit's goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. Under this standard, an entity will recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying value of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value. The standard is effective for any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and is to be applied prospectively. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company is currently evaluating the effects that the adoption of this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In March 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-7, Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost (Topic 715). This ASU requires that an employer report the service cost component in the same line item or items as other compensation costs arising from services rendered by the pertinent employees during the period. The other components of net benefit cost, which include interest cost and prior service cost or credit, among others, are required to be presented in the income statement separately from the service cost component and outside a subtotal of income from operations, if one is presented. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those annual periods, and is to be applied retrospectively for the classification of pension costs on the income statement and prospectively for the criteria on capitalization of certain costs. The Company is currently evaluating the effects that the adoption of this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements.

In May 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-09 that provides guidance on determining which changes to the terms and conditions of share-based payment awards require an entity to apply modification accounting. This update is effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effects that the adoption of this ASU will have on its consolidated financial statements. The Company has not yet concluded how the new standard will impact the consolidated financial statements.


Forward Looking Statements


Certain statements in this Report, including those contained in "Overview," are "forward-looking" statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 with respect to the Company's financial condition, results of operations, plans, objectives, future performance and business. Forward-looking statements include those preceded by, followed by or that include the words "believes", "pending", "future", "expects," "anticipates," "estimates," "depends" or similar expressions. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those contemplated by such forward-looking statements, because of, among other things, potential risks and uncertainties, such as:


  ? Economic conditions in the Company's markets;




  ? The risk that contracts with FedEx could be terminated or adversely modified
    in connection with any renewal;




  ? The risk that the number of aircraft operated for FedEx will be further
    reduced;




  ? The risk that the United States Air Force will continue to defer significant
    orders for deicing equipment under its contracts with GGS;




  ? The risk that Delphax's future operating performance will result in Air T,
    Inc. being unable to fully recover its investments in Delphax;




  ? The impact of any terrorist activities on United States soil or abroad;




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? The Company's ability to manage its cost structure for operating expenses, or

unanticipated capital requirements, and match them to shifting customer

service requirements and production volume levels;

? The risk of injury or other damage arising from accidents involving the

Company's overnight air cargo operations, equipment or parts sold by GGS,

Contrail Aviation, AirCo or Jet Yard or services provided by GAS or Jet Yard;

? Market acceptance of the Company's new commercial and military equipment and

    services;



? Competition from other providers of similar equipment and services;

? Changes in government regulation and technology;

? Changes in the value of marketable securities held as investments; and

? Mild winter weather conditions reducing the demand for deicing equipment.

A forward-looking statement is neither a prediction nor a guarantee of future events or circumstances, and those future events or circumstances may not occur. We are under no obligation, and we expressly disclaim any obligation, to update or alter any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.



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Managers
NameTitle
Nicholas John Swenson Chairman, President & Chief Executive Officer
Candice L. Otey CFO, Secretary, Treasurer & Vice President-Finance
Seth G. Barkett Independent Director
Andrew Osborne Independent Director
William Ryan Foudray Independent Director
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