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4-Traders Homepage  >  Equities  >  Stock Exchange of Hong Kong  >  Lianhua Supermarket Co Ltd    0980   CNE1000003P2

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Cracks in China Inc’s rosy earnings reveal a patchier picture

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09/11/2017 | 10:20am CET
FILE PHOTO: Flights of Air China are parked on the tarmac of Beijing Capital International Airport in Beijing

At first glance, China Inc's earnings are off to a roaring start to 2017: first-half net profits surged by nearly a quarter, helped by healthy expansion in the world's second-largest economy. Last year, the rise was a mere 6 percent.

Robust profits have been a key factor in pushing the benchmark Hong Kong index <.HSI> to three-year highs and its Shanghai counterpart <.SSEC> to its strongest levels in 20-months.

But the corporate investment and M&A that is driving those earnings is being fuelled by growth in debt that is too rapid for comfort, analysts say. Frequent use of one-off gains to lift results and unhealthy fundamentals in some sectors may also give investors pause for thought.

Total debt at some 1,200 firms listed in Shanghai, Shenzhen and Hong Kong as of end-June grew 13 percent from a year earlier, Reuters calculations show, much faster than the first half of 2016 when the rate was 7.5 percent.

Profits were not used to retire debt in significant quantities over the period and cash levels at those firms, selected for the survey as they have reported earnings for at least two years in a row, shot up 12 percent.

All in all, debt-to-equity ratios were little changed from last year, an indication that hopes of a broad deleveraging for Chinese firms, widely seen as having worrisome debt levels, seem premature.

"These earnings improvements are credit driven and I have doubts about the sustainability," said Andrew Kemp Collier, managing director at independent research firm Orient Capital.

China's property developers have led the way in debt creation, and even if some of the most heavily burdened like China Evergrande (>> China Evergrande Group) did cut back, others kept borrowing.

Acquisition-hungry Sunac (>> Sunac China Holdings Ltd) saw contract sales almost double and gross profit climb 86 percent, but its total borrowing also jumped, up 60 percent to nearly $28 billion.

"The picture is not as rosy as shown by rising earnings – credit is accumulating faster than nominal growth," said Natixis Chief Economist Alicia Garcia Herrero, also noting that very short term debt is not captured in conventional leverage ratios.

A study by Natixis shows Chinese companies on average have 68 percent of their liabilities in loans of less than 12 months - seen as riskier due to the need to refinance - compared with a global average of 38 percent.


China's economy has surprised experts with its resilience, growing by a faster-than-expected 6.9 percent in the first half, on resurgent exports and healthy retail sales - even if it is expected to start to lose some steam.

But earnings gains in some sectors, while welcome, were not necessarily due to strength in core businesses.

Oil majors saw revenue and profits gain, but this was due to a average 28 percent jump in oil prices, while oil and gas production volumes fell 2 percent in the first half versus a year ago, according a Fitch ratings report.

And while China's largest banks showed improvement, smaller banks which rely on short-term borrowings from other financial institutions saw net interest margins contract and some were struggling. Shengjing Bank's (>> Shengjing Bank Co Ltd) first-half operating income slid almost 17 percent.

The banking sector will also have to bear the brunt of excessive borrowing.

"Credit-fuelled excess investment is building up problems with assets that are likely to yield a poor return over time, and many are likely to turn into bad debts," said Richard Jerram, chief economist at Bank of Singapore.

One-off or foreign exchange gains were also frequent across a range of industries, dressing up results even when sales or operating profit weakened.

Lianhua Supermarkets (>> Lianhua Supermarket Co Ltd), which is part-owned by Alibaba (>> Alibaba Group Holding), reported a 6 percent drop in turnover on store closures and competition from online sales, but a substantial gain on the sale of financial assets.

Sun Art Retail (>> Sun Art Retail Group Ltd), China's largest big-box retailer, posted 23 percent jump in profit but that was largely due to gains from expired prepaid cards, while same-store sales saw a slight decline.

Air China (>> Air China Ltd.) reported a small decline in net profit, partly due to by higher fuel costs. But if exceptional items, largely foreign exchange gains, are excluded, results were 60 percent lower.

(Reporting by Umesh Desai and Patturaja Murugaboopathy; Additional reporting by Chyen Yee Lee in Singapore; Editing by Clara Ferreira-Marques and Edwina Gibbs)

By Umesh Desai and Patturaja Murugaboopathy

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Financials ( CNY)
Sales 2017 26 538 M
EBIT 2017 -130 M
Net income 2017 -344 M
Finance 2017 2 174 M
Yield 2017 -
P/E ratio 2017 -
P/E ratio 2018
EV / Sales 2017 0,02x
EV / Sales 2018 0,05x
Capitalization 2 744 M
Duration : Period :
Lianhua Supermarket Co Ltd Technical Analysis Chart | 0980 | CNE1000003P2 | 4-Traders
Income Statement Evolution
Mean consensus HOLD
Number of Analysts 2
Average target price 2,57  CNY
Spread / Average Target 5,0%
EPS Revisions
Tao Xu General Manager & Executive Director
Yong Ming Ye Chairman
A Guo Yang Chairman-Supervisory Board
Li Ping Hu Joint Secretary & Chief Financial Officer
Tak Hung Wong Non-Executive Director
Sector and Competitors
1st jan.Capitalization (M$)
WAL-MART STORES40.02%287 144
CARREFOUR-22.63%16 278